28 Jun 2022

Human trafficking / Are children paying the price for cocoa in Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana?

This paper explores the complex crime of child trafficking for the purposes of forced labour in cocoa-producing countries.

Child labour is a serious problem in the cocoa industry in Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana, with children often trafficked from neighbouring countries to work in the cocoa fields. This paper delves into the cocoa industry in the two countries and its challenges. It argues that multinational corporations operating in Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana should be held criminally responsible for their role in cocoa production when it involves illicit activities and explores how national and regional laws can be used as a tool to do so.

About the authors

Allan Ngari joined the ISS in 2014. He is Regional Organised Crime Observatory Coordinator for West Africa region in the ENACT Programme. Previously a senior researcher at ISS Pretoria, he oversaw engagement on international criminal justice and worked on counter-terrorism in Africa. He is also an advocate of the High Court of Kenya.

Duncan E Omondi (Deo) Gumba is a consultant with the ENACT Organised Crime project. He joined the ISS in 2017 as a regional organised crime observatory coordinator for East Africa. Before joining the ISS, Deo worked at the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) Africa Hub where he was a political and security expert on East Africa, the Horn, and Francophone Central and West Africa.

Image: © Strategic Agenda


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