This seminar considers the rapid spread of drug use and trafficking, and how
COVID-19 might affect policy options.
Clampdowns on low-level smugglers have helped turn the industry into a
multimillion-dollar global business.
New organised crime research shows that Kenya still provides an exit
point for Africans being exploited abroad.
Domestic laws criminalising human smuggling in Africa diverge significantly
from the approach set out in the UN Smuggling Protocol.
Enhancing legal routes to movement would reduce the risks and harms experienced
by migrants and reduce profits for organised criminal networks.