The dark world of the
Zama Zamas

Zama Zama outputs exceed R14 billion annually, making South Africa one of the
biggest sources of illicit gold in Africa.

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Heart of Africa’s
organised crime: Land,
property and urbanisation

This policy brief examines Africa's most overlooked organised criminal activity.

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Migrant smuggling
and human trafficking from Libya
to Europe: What does the media say?

Clearer media reporting on 'smuggling' and 'trafficking' create a better understanding
of the migration crisis.

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stealthy takeover of
South Africa

Heroin use is widespread across SA, with local and provincial governments
bearing the brunt.

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ENACT is funded by the European Union
ENACT is implemented by the Institute for Security Studies and INTERPOL, in
affiliation with the Global Initiative against Transnational Organised Crime
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