cobalt prices fuel
criminality in DRC

The increased global demand for smartphones
and electric cars sees multinationals, militias and
criminal groups scrambling for cobalt in the DRC.

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Could new
legislation turn Kenya
into a tax haven?

A recently passed law could make it easier
for companies to dodge tax in Kenya.

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Is Africa
doing enough to fight
financial crime?

A lack of cooperation means that financial crime
will continue to pose a growing threat in Africa.

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The crime-
development paradox

This continental report explores how organised crime
threatens the achievement of development goals.

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Mitigating the
threat of organised crime
to Africa’s development

Development actors need to crime-proof existing interventions,
and ensure future investments are crime sensitive.

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ENACT is funded by the European Union
ENACT is implemented by the Institute for Security Studies and INTERPOL, in
affiliation with the Global Initiative against Transnational Organised Crime
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