The illicit extraction industry is leaving irreversible scars on ecosystems,
lives and livelihoods.
A multi-agency approach that includes better border surveillance is
needed in order to stem sugar smuggling into the country.
To curb illicit financial flows, Ethiopia should complement
its recent efforts with a more comprehensive
investigation of suspicious financial transactions.
Tackling this crime requires a regional legislative and
development framework that addresses both security and
the marginalisation of pastoralists.