Illicit arms flows in the Karamoja Cluster: actors, markets, impacts and alternative responses


This study looks at the links between cattle rustling in East Africa’s Karamoja Cluster and the flow of illicit arms into this ungoverned space. It looks at the actors involved in the illicit arms trade, the sources of the weapons, and the need for responses other than civilian disarmament exercises, which so far have been unsuccessful.

About the authors

Willis Okumu and Tadesse S Metekia are senior researchers with the Institute for Security Studies’ (ISS) ENACT programme in Nairobi (Kenya) and Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) respectively. Mohamed Daghar was formerly the ISS’s Regional Organised Crime Observatory Coordinator in Nairobi.

Image: Willis Okumu

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ENACT is funded by the European Union
ENACT is implemented by the Institute for Security Studies in partnership with
INTERPOL and the Global Initiative against Transnational Organized Crime.
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