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Despite robust anti-money laundering and anti-migrant smuggling policies, this study finds that there are few money laundering investigations and charges against smugglers in Senegal and Sierra Leone. Those countries’ financial investigative agencies lack adequate resources and expertise to uncover the illicit proceeds of smugglers, which are often processed through cash and informal channels. This is compounded by a lack of reporting of suspicious transactions by entities vulnerable to money laundering, such as informal money remitters and real estate companies.
About the authors
Dr Ndubuisi Christian Ani is a Senior Researcher and Project Coordinator at ENACT, Institute for Security Studies (ISS), in Abuja, Nigeria. Previously, he was a Senior Regional Advisor at the GIZ support project for the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre (KAIPTC) in Accra, Ghana. Christian also has held research roles at the ISS in Ethiopia, and the African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes (ACCORD) in South Africa. He holds a PhD in International Relations from the University of KwaZulu- Natal, South Africa.
Jennifer Shahid is a Research Officer in the ENACT Programme at the ISS in Abuja, Nigeria. She holds an MSc in Political Economy and Development Studies from Nasarawa State University. She has over a decade of experience in research, project planning and management, with a strong interest in transnational organised crime in West Africa.