Election violence remains a major problem in Kenya despite attempts by the state and other actors to tackle it. Ahead of the country’s fifth general election, held on 9 August 2022, state agencies, the media and civil society predicted the re-emergence of gangs and militias keen to influence its outcome. Although the elections went off relatively smoothly there is still a clear nexus between politics and crime.
About the author
Ken Opala is the GI-TOC regional coordinator for the East and Southern African Observatory.
Image: Julius Mwelu/IRIN