Human smuggling and trafficking in Africa: creating a criminal economy


Human smuggling and trafficking in persons are major concerns across Africa, with nearly all countries qualifying as source, transit, and/or destination countries. This lucrative criminal enterprise has debilitating consequences for the continent’s economy, development, security and human rights. Combating human smuggling and trafficking are growing human security priorities for African states.

This seminar launches three new ENACT studies focusing on trends in criminalisation and criminal justice responses to smuggling across Africa, trafficking in persons in Kenya to Gulf States, and ways that mobile money enables or aggravates human smuggling and trafficking. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the problem and its solutions will also be considered.

Chairperson: Ottilia Anna Maunganidze, Head of Special Projects, Institute for Security Studies


Lucia Bird, Senior Analyst, Global Initiative against Transnational Organised Crime

Mohamed Daghar, Researcher, Institute for Security Studies

John Patrick Broome, Regional Crime Analyst for East Africa, INTERPOL


Lucia Bird, Email: [email protected]

Photo © Centre for Development and Enterprise

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ENACT is funded by the European Union
ENACT is implemented by the Institute for Security Studies and INTERPOL, in
affiliation with the Global Initiative against Transnational Organised Crime
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